Before the Battle of Gettysburg

Before the Battle of Gettysburg (HM5D2)

Location: Fairfield, PA 17320 Adams County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 44.724', W 77° 27.227'

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Events Along The Emmitsburg & Waynesboro Turnpike

On June 22, 1863, a skirmish erupted at Monterey Pass when Company D of the 14th Virginia Cavalry attacked portions of Union cavalry under the command of Captain Robert Bell, Captain Samuel Randall, and several members of the Gettysburg Home Guard. The Confederate skirmishers scouted the woods on foot along the Emmitsburg and Waynesboro Turnpike, forcing the militia to retreat toward Fairfield, using Maria Furnace Road, where the chase ended at dusk.

On June 28, a skirmish occurred at Fountaindale when a 25 - man detail of Cole's Maryland Cavalry under the command of Lieutenant William Horner, coming from the direction of Monterey Pass, came in contact with a Confederate foraging party under the command of Lieutenant John Chamberlayne, near Jack's Mountain Road. Chamberlayne was gathering supplies and horses when he saw Horner's men and ordered six men with revolvers to charge, while the other 20 unarmed men in the foraging party hurried toward Fairfield with the stolen goods. After being chased by Union soldiers, most of Chamberlayne;s men were captured and taken to Emmitsburg, Maryland.

On June 29, Union General John Buford's Cavalry Division left Middletown, Maryland for Pennsylvania. At Monterey Pass, he observed Confederate troops marching in the distance at Greencastle. After a patriotic welcome by local residents, Buford's cavalry moved toward Fountaindale and bivouacked for a few hours before moving toward Fairfield.
HM NumberHM5D2
Series This marker is part of the Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Civil War Trails series
Historical Period19th Century, Civil War
Historical PlaceBattlefield
Marker TypeOther
Marker ClassBoth
Marker StyleInterpretative Marker / Sign
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 26th, 2014 at 8:14pm PDT -07:00
Photo Credits: [1] DOUGLAS MOWEN  
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 289758 N 4402379
Decimal Degrees39.74540000, -77.45378333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 44.724', W 77° 27.227'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 44' 43.4400" N, 77° 27' 13.6200" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1308-1326 Old Waynesboro Rd, Fairfield PA 17320, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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