Early Exploration - Fort Nogales

Early Exploration - Fort Nogales (HM1YP7)

Location: Vicksburg, MS 39183 Warren County
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Country: United States of America
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N 32° 21.039', W 90° 53.045'

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The Spanish were the first Europeans (in 1541) to discover what is today called Fort Hill, the second highest spot between Memphis and New Orleans. When the French arrived in 1682, they laid claim to the region. The Treaty of Paris in 1763 divided French possessions and this area was ceded to Great Britain.

At the end of the American Revolution, England granted this territory to the United States. Spain, however, still claimed the area by an early treated with Great Britain. To assert her claim, Spain established Fort Nogales (Spanish for walnut) in 1790 as an outlet for her Spanish Trading Company. A settlement called Walnut Hills developed around the fort and residents supplied the soldiers with meat and other staples.

Spain lost control of the fort to the U.S. in a treaty signed in 1795 but continued to occupy the fort despite demands for evacuation. In 1798 the United States was determined to remove the Spaniards by force, but the fort was evacuated without incident.

The fort was renamed Fort McHenry in honor of Secretary of War James McHenry. The fort deteriorated and was abandoned in the early 1800s.

    Sponsored by Ray and Nancy Neilsen
HM NumberHM1YP7
Year Placed2003
Placed ByThe City of Vicksburg Riverfront Mural Committee
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, June 2nd, 2017 at 9:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 699114 N 3581271
Decimal Degrees32.35065000, -90.88408333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 21.039', W 90° 53.045'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 21' 2.34" N, 90° 53' 2.7" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)601
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1200-1298 Levee St, Vicksburg MS 39183, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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