Lakes to Locks Passage

Lakes to Locks Passage (HM22HT)

Location: Whitehall, NY 12887 Washington County
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Country: United States of America
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N 43° 33.202', W 73° 24.158'

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The Great Northeast Journey

Panel 1
Lakes to Locks Passage takes you through a spectacular landscape laden with history. Follow this map to find your way through four story-filled regions that connect the historic waters of Lake Champlain and Lake George with the Champlain Canal and Hudson River to the south and the Chambly Canal to the Richelieu and St. Lawrence Rivers of Quebec to the north.
[Map caption reads]
Streams of history
flow through these valleys, reflecting "lives" that continue to unfold. Be sure to visit the sites and interpretive exhibits throughout the region to track the overlapping threads of the Four Lives of Lakes to Locks Passage.
The Four Lives
Natural Forces and Native Peoples
shaped the landscape and culture of the inland waterway rich with resources.
Conflict and Settlement traces the exploration, warfare and peacekeeping activities of nation-building along the waterway.
Corridor of Commerce explores the trade in furs, timber, stone, minerals, farm products and technology that flows through these valleys.
Magnet for Tourism reveals the evolution of tourism and stewardship of the environment
[Background photo captions, from left to right, read]
· American row galleys and flagship Saratoga engage the British brig Linnet in Plattsburgh
Bay in this detail of "MacDonough's Victory on Lake Champlain" by Henry Reinagle, 1816.
· Overlooking Lake George.
Panel 2
The First Life
Natural Forces

Dramatic geological forces built the Lakes to Locks Passage. When the earth was young, the rocks of the Adirondack Mountains to the west lay by a warm seashore. Buried by the first in a series of continental collisions, they have risen to the surface again, compressed to a crystalline beauty. Rifting tore the land apart, so the sea returned. Sandy beaches formed golden sandstone. Sea sediments built layers of limestone embedded with fossils. Then another collision added New England to North America.
Sheets of ice shaped the contours of the present landscape. Glaciers a mile thick rounded off mountains and gouged out the Lake George and Lake Champlain valleys. Melting water filled glacial lakes to 500 feet above the present water level before finally finding an outlet to the north. The sea returned for a time until the earth's crust rebounded from the weight of ice, leaving a series of connected waterways that form an inland Passage.
Native Peoples
People have only been here since the glaciers melted. Paleolithic hunters moved north with the edge of the glacier twelve thousand years ago, following big game like mastodons and giant beaver. Migrating ducks followed the Passage
on their long flights north, providing a bountiful source of food in spring and fall. About a thousand years ago, Woodland people began to grow crops and establish village sites alongside streams and lakes.
By the time European explorers arrived, at the beginning of the 17th century, the native people to the east and west had developed distinct language groups, Algonquin and Iroquois. Both peoples used the Passage as a travel route for trade.
[Photo captions, from top to bottom, read]
· Discovery of a whale skeleton on the shores of Lake Champlain generated intense interest among local residents and tourists alike. The whale bones proved that the Lake had been a salt sea in the not-so-distant past.
· South Bay inlet, Lake Champlain.
· The ancient sandy seashore hardened into sandstone so tough that it still forms the waterfalls along our streams. Along LaChute River in Ticonderoga flowing water has not erased the ripples formed by wave action or the burrow holes of ancient sand worms.
Panel 3
Explore the Lake Champlain Birding Trail
[Not transcribed since info is factual, not historical]
HM NumberHM22HT
Placed ByNY State Dept of Trans Scenic Byways Program and Empire State Development
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, November 2nd, 2017 at 7:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)31N E 166021 N 0
Decimal Degrees43.55336667, -73.40263333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 43° 33.202', W 73° 24.158'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds43° 33' 12.12" N, 73° 24' 9.48" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)518
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 68 Skenesborough Dr, Whitehall NY 12887, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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