Patimasa Tiicamna

Patimasa Tiicamna (HM25I9)

Location: Umatilla, OR 97882 Umatilla County
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Country: United States of America
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N 45° 55.206', W 119° 18.3'

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They are Marking the Land

In 1855, Washington Territorial Governor Isaac Stevens and Oregon Territory Indian Superintendent Joel Palmer convened a treaty council in present-day Walla Walla, Washington with Yakama, Nez Perce, Cayuse, Umatilla and Walla Walla bands and tribes.

They proposed two reservations: one in Nez Perce territory, one in Yakama territory. The Cayuse, Umatilla and Walla Walla, unwilling to relocate, withheld consent until the treaty commissioners agreed to establish the Umatilla Indian Reservation.

In our treaty, our ancestors ceded more than 6 million acres to the United States and retained 1/2 million acres of the homeland. They also preserved rights we always had: to fish, to hunt and to gather foods and medicines within the ceded lands.

Intense pressure for the valuable farming and grazing land within our reservation resulted in allotment of our lands under the Slater Act of 1885. The reservation was surveyed and parcels assigned to tribal individuals. The remaining land was sold. Land and boundary surveys, allotments and other government policies eventually reduced our reservation from 510,000 acres to 158,000 acres.

October 1805 & April 1806: Lewis and Clark pass through
1818: Fort Nez Perces, first non-Indian structure built in the area,

on the Columbia between the Walla Walla and Snake Rivers
1836: Dr. Marcus Whitman establishes Protestant mission in CTUIR homeland
1843: Thousands of people emigrate northwest along the Oregon Trail
1854-1855: Isaac Stevens negotiates Indian treaties from the Puget Sound to the Rocky Mountains
June 9, 1855: US government treaty negotiations conclude with Cayuse, Umatilla and Walla Walla
February 14, 1859: Oregon granted statehood by US Congress
March 9, 1859: Treaty of 1855 ratified by US Congress; CTUIR cede over 6 million acres
HM NumberHM25I9
Series This marker is part of the Lewis & Clark Expedition series
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, February 15th, 2018 at 7:01am PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)11T E 321263 N 5087753
Decimal Degrees45.92010000, -119.30500000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 55.206', W 119° 18.3'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 55' 12.36" N, 119° 18' 18" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)541
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Devore Rd, Umatilla OR 97882, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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