In 1600, there were approximately 40 tribes in Virginia. Today, the Commonwealth officially recognizes only eleven tribes.
When the Jamestown Settlers arrived in Virginia in 1607, they encountered several Virginia Tribes. The Chesapeake Tribe of Western Tidewater was the first to make contract with these explorers upon their stop at what is now referred to as First Landing (Cape Henry) in Virginia Beach, VA. It is noted that the Chesapeake Indian, (some scholars believe were Iroquoian), were annihilated by the Powhatan Empire because of a suspected trade agreement with explorers.
The Palisade fort, long/round houses and fire pits in this 17th Century area replica is a close facsimile of the Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Indian Village described by William Byrd upon his visit to what is now Southampton County on April 7 & 8, 1728.
(left map legend, listed here alphabetically)
Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), Cherokee, Manahoac, Meherrin, Mohetan, Monacan, Nahyssam, Occaneechi, Saponi, Tauxenent, Tutelo
(right map legend, listed here alphabetically)
Accohannock, Accomac, Appamattuck, Arrohatock, Chesapeake, Chickahominy, Chiskiack, Cuttatawomen, Eastern Chickahominy, Kecoughtan, Mattaponi, Moraughtacund, Nansemond, Nantaughtacund, Onawmanient, Opiscopank,
Pamunkey, Paspahegh, Patawomeck (Potomac), Piankatank, Pissaseck, Powhatan, Rappahannock, Sekakawton, Tapahanock, Upper Mattaponi, Warraskoyack, Werowocomoco, Weyanock, Wiccocomico, Youghtanund