San Diego: Birthplace of Naval Aviation

San Diego: Birthplace of Naval Aviation (HM2B7L)

Location: San Diego, CA 92101 San Diego County
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Country: United States of America
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N 32° 42.826', W 117° 10.607'

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Evolution of the Aircraft Carriers 1924 - 1940

In November 29, 1924, the Navy's first aircraft carrier, the USS Langley, tied up to the pier at the naval air station at North Island. A converted coal transport, she had a flight deck 500 feet in length and could carry more than 30 aircraft.

By 1928, the aircraft carriers USS Saratoga and USS Lexington, both constructed on cruiser hulls, joined Langley in San Diego waters where they were used in training naval aviators. This training played a significant role in American's victory at the Battle of Midway 14 years later.

As tactics were developed, new missions were created for the Navy's airborne weapon. Soon aircraft were assigned specialized duties as fighters, attack bombers, torpedo bombers, scouts, observers, patrol, and general utility aircraft. All of these roles were developed in and around the growing naval aviation facilities bordering San Diego's bay.

The carriers Yorktown and Enterprise also called San Diego their home port in 1940. On the eve of World War II, North Island and San Diego were, in every sense of the word, home to carrier aviation.

By the end of 1940, San Diego was home port to four Aircraft carriers. Naval facilities in the area included:
Naval Air Station North Island
32nd Street Naval Station
Balboa Naval Hospital in Balbo Park
Naval Radio Transmitter Facility at

Chollas Heights
Navy Supply Center and pier at the foot of Broadway
Naval Training Center (West Coast)
Marine Corps Recruit Depot (West Coast)
HM NumberHM2B7L
Placed ByUSS Midway Museum
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 7th, 2018 at 11:01am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)11S E 483432 N 3619569
Decimal Degrees32.71376667, -117.17678333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 42.826', W 117° 10.607'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 42' 49.56" N, 117° 10' 36.42" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)619, 858, 949, 310, 510,
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 910 N Harbor Dr, San Diego CA 92101, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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