The Battle of Brandy Station

The Battle of Brandy Station (HM2CT)

Location: Brandy Station, VA 22714 Culpeper County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 32.592', W 77° 51.509'

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The Stone Wall on the Cunningham Farm

Failing to break through Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's Confederates at St. James Church, Brig. Gen. John Buford swung his force north and west to turn the Confederate left flank. Confederate Brig. Gen. William Henry Fitzhugh "Rooney" Lee, son of Robert E. Lee,had no intention of allowing Buford's maneuver to succeed.

Rooney Lee was a skilled fighter and used the terrain well. First he blocked Buford's progress by the stone wall five hundred yards in front of you. From his command post on the knoll behind you, Buford saw that a portion of Lee's dismounted regiments were placed between Ruffans Run and the Hazel River (to your left and right respectively). Two unlimbered cannon were located on the other side of the hill behind the stone wall. Since the disposition of the enemy and the channels of the two water courses left him no alternative, Buford launched several mounted and dismounted charges against the wall. Blistering fire from Lee's brigade held the Federals back for several hours.

Some infantry with Buford were ordered to sneak through a wheat field along Ruffans Run to pounce on the Confederate flank. The Confederates ran for their horses and began to fall back.

But Rooney Lee had another reason for pulling back. Brig. Gen. David M. Gregg's Union cavalry had finally entered the battle from the south, at Brandy Station.

Help Preserve Battlefields · call CWPT at 1-888-606-1400 · · The Hallowell Foundation generously contributed toward the interpretation of this site in memory of Carrington Williams.
This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinion, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.
HM NumberHM2CT
Placed ByCivil War Preservation Trust
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 6th, 2014 at 2:12pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 250871 N 4269961
Decimal Degrees38.54320000, -77.85848333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 32.592', W 77° 51.509'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 32' 35.52" N, 77° 51' 30.54" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 410-498 Unnamed Road, Brandy Station VA 22714, US
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