The Smelting Process

The Smelting Process (HM2DPO)

Location: Garden, MI 49835 Delta County
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Country: United States of America
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N 45° 43.115', W 86° 40.13'

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Fayette Historic State Park

Iron ore was crushed, mixed with measured amounts of charcoal and limestone, and lifted by a steam-powered hoist to the top of the furnace where it was dropped into the stack.
Inside the furnace the charcoal burned, fed by forced air heated in the blast ovens. As the ore melted, its impurities combined chemically with the limestone flux and floated to the top of the molten iron. This waste, called slag, was skimmed off the surface and removed. The molten iron was drained through a taphole into channels in the sand floor of the casting rooms where it cooled, hardened into bars (pigs) and was removed by laborers like "Pig Iron" Fred Rink.
Placed ByFayette Historic State Park & Michigan Historical Center
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, January 21st, 2019 at 10:01am PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16T E 525772 N 5062834
Decimal Degrees45.71858333, -86.66883333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 43.115', W 86° 40.13'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 43' 6.9000000000001" N, 86° 40' 7.8000000000002" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)906
Closest Postal AddressAt or near State Park, Garden MI 49835, US
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