"About the 10th of June, the enemy planted four mortars in position
near the battery opposite Bennett''s House. These mortars gave us
great annoyance; they were fired day and night, to the very great
disturbance of our troops; yet few were killed by these shells."
—Colonel Isaiah G. W Steedman,
Commander of the Confederate Left Wing
The large pit in front of you is the remnant of Union Battery
No. 3. Under the command of 1st Lieutenant George W.
Taylor, 4th Massachusetts Artillery, this battery contained
one 10-inch and three 8-inch mortars. Combined with the
U.S. navy mortar schooners shelling the south, or opposite,
end of the Confederate entrenchments, this bombardment
led one Union soldier to describe their use against the
Confederates as giving "them gunboat front and rear."