History at Four Mile Run Park

History at Four Mile Run Park (HM2EUL)

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N 38° 50.393', W 77° 3.463'

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La historia de Four Mile Run

 
Four Mile Run and the course of its namesake waterway have changed dramatically over the centuries, partly due to natural events and partly to modern human engineering. Although a setting for a rich abundance of plant and animal resources, today much of the park consists of a tidal marsh and forested swampland, the kind of environment not particularly conductive for long-term human habitation.

Early Peoples
Approximately, 9,000 years ago small groups of American Indians began congregating seasonally along waterways like Four Mile Run, drawn by the abundant plant and animal resources growing and living there. These hunters and gatherers did not stay for long, but moved frequently to new areas to harvest. Over the course of thousands of years these groups left behind archaeological evidence in the form of chipped stone tools and later handmade pottery.

Historic Settlement
In 1669, John Alexander became the first colonial settler to patent the land encompassing Four Mile Run Park as part of a 6,000 acre tract of land. Several generations of Alexanders owned the tract and gradually divided it into



smaller parcels. The by 1740s John Alexander's great grandson of the same name held the land south of Four Mile Run, including what would become this park. The area remained vacant throughout the eighteenth and much of the nineteenth centuries, likely because of the marshy, flood-prone environment. However during the Civil War, several Union Army militia units camped in the southwest portion of the park. By the late nineteenth century several small estates were built in the northern section of this park, generally along what would become Mount Vernon Avenue.


El parque de Four Mile Run y la senda del mismo nombre han cambiado drásticamente a lo largo de los siglos, en parte a eventos naturales y en otra debio a la ingeniería moderna. Aunque es un ambiente rico en recursos animales y vegetales, hoy en día el parque consiste de marismas y bosques pantanosos, tipos de ambientes no particularmente aproppiados para ser habitados a largo plazo.

Los primeros habitantes
Aproimadamente 9,000 años atrás, pequeños grupos de indígenas empezaron a asentarse por temporadas a lo largo de las aguas de la senda Four Mile Run, atraidos por sus abundantes recursos animales y vegetales que crecían y vivían allí. Estos cazadores y recolectores no se quedaban por mucho tiempos, ya que se mudaban constantemente a nuevos lugares para cosechar. Sobre



el curso de mil años, estos grupos fueron dejando atrás evidencias arqueológicas como herramientas de piedra astillada y más tarde piezas de cerámica.

Colonia histórica
En 1669, John Alexander se convirtió en el primer colonizador en asentarse en la tierra de Four Mile Run, parte de un terreno de 6,000 acres. Esta extensión de tierra fue pasando de generación, pero gradualmente los familliares de John Alexander la fueron parcelando. En la década de 1740, el biznieto de John Alexander, el cual tenía su mismo nombre, era dueño de la parte sur, incluyendo el terreno donde hoy queda ubicado el parque. El área permanenció vacante durante el siglo XVIII y parte del siglo XIX, dado a su ambiente pantanaso. No obstante, durante la Guerra Civil, varias torpas del Ejército de la Unión acamparon en la zona sur del parque. A finales del siglo XIX, pequeñas fincas fueron construídas en la parte norte del parque, especialmente a lo largo de lo que hoy es la Avenida Mount Vernon.
Details
HM NumberHM2EUL
Tags
Placed ByCity of Alexandria, Virginia
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, March 11th, 2019 at 5:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 321409 N 4301020
Decimal Degrees38.83988333, -77.05771667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 50.393', W 77° 3.463'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 50' 23.58" N, 77° 3' 27.78" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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