Before The Battle Of Gettysburg

Before The Battle Of Gettysburg (HM2IHG)

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N 39° 44.344', W 77° 28.748'

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Refugees Flood The Road To Monterey Pass

On June 23, 1863, before Confederate Major General Jubal Early entered Waynesboro, it was reported the road leading to Monterey Pass was blocked by civilians fleeing with their personal belongings. Farmers fled with their horses, cattle, and farm implements. While others hid items in attics, or simply buried them.
Upon hearing that the Confederate army was north of the Potomac River, John Philips, a cashier of the First National Bank of Waynesboro, gathered up all of the bank's documents and money. He quickly loaded up his carriage with all of the bank's assets and fled to Monterey Pass.
At the Monterey Inn, Mr. Philips and his wife rested briefly and talked with several union officers Until they heard the tramping of people along the main road. Mr. Philips quickly joined the refugees and began making his way into Fairfield.
A year later in 1864, civilians again fled in the advance of an invading Confederate army. Many passed through Monterey Pass. During the Battle of Monocacy, MD on July 9, Monterey Pass was part of a Confederate pickets that stretched south to Crampton's Gap. Portions of Confederate Brig. Gen. John Imboden's Brigade were in the area raiding farms.
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, July 7th, 2019 at 2:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 287566 N 4401735
Decimal Degrees39.73906667, -77.47913333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 44.344', W 77° 28.748'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 44' 20.64" N, 77° 28' 44.88" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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