Battle of Monterey Pass (Wolverines)

Battle of Monterey Pass (Wolverines) (HM1S8W)

Location: Waynesboro, PA 17268 Franklin County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 44.311', W 77° 28.720'

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The Wolverines Fight

Union General George A. Custer's cavalry brigade advanced here, along the banks of Red Run, deploying on both sides of the road. The 5th Michigan Cavalry deployed to the right, while the 7th, 6th, and portions of the 1st Michigan Cavalry deployed to the left.

As fighting raged in the middle of the night, the battlefield became disorganized due to the weather conditions. Hand-to-hand combat took place and was extremely fierce at times. To make matters worse, a herd of cattle had broken away from the Confederate wagon train along Maria Furnace Road, forcing Custer's battle line to stall. General Kilpatrick, headquartered at the Monterey Inn, ordered artillery to support Custer, near the present-day golf course. Captain Alexander Pennington deployed tow rifled cannon and began to shell the Confederate battle line, Kilpatrick also ordered the 1st West Virginia Cavalry, and a portion of 1st Ohio Cavalry to support the Wolverines.

Once Colonel Russell Alger realized that the wooden bridge that spanned Red Run was intact, he sent two companies of his 5th Michigan Cavalry over the bridge, where they filed off to the left. This helped to allow the 1st West Virginia Cavalry to charge and break through the Confederate battle line.

"It was too dark to distinguish objects at any distance. The darkness was intense and in a few moments we plunged into a dense thicket... One had to be guided by sound and not by sight... Had it not been for the noise and the flashing of the enemy's fire we should have wandered away in the darkness and been lost." CAPTAIN JAMES KIDD, 6th MICHIGAN CAVALRY
HM NumberHM1S8W
Series This marker is part of the series
Historical Period19th Century
Historical PlaceBattlefield
Marker TypeOther
Marker ClassBoth
Marker StyleInterpretative Marker / Sign
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, May 17th, 2016 at 6:22pm PDT -07:00
Photo Credits: [1] DOUGLAS MOWEN  
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 287604 N 4401673
Decimal Degrees39.73851667, -77.47866667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 44.311', W 77° 28.720'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 44' 18.66" N, 77° 28' 43.2" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Can be seen from road?Yes
Is marker in the median?No
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 14219-14287 Charmian Rd, Waynesboro PA 17268, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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