A Fatal Mistake

A Fatal Mistake (HM2J2E)

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N 37° 3.341', W 84° 44.362'

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Mill Springs Battlefield

— National Historic Landmark —

Mistaken Identity
About seven o'clock the morning of January 19, 1862, Confederate General Felix Zollicoffer rode across the road to your left. Near here, in the dim light and fog, he saw a mounted officer, Union Colonel Speed Fry. Both men mistakenly assumed the other was a fellow officer.

Fry later described the event: "So thoroughly was I convinced that he was one of our men I did not hesitate to ride up to his side so closely that our knees touched.... He said to me 'We must not shoot our own men,' to which I responded, 'Of course not; I would not do so intentionally...'and pointing he said 'Those are our men.'"

The Death of General Zollicoffer
As Fry moved away, Confederate Major Henry Fogg rode into view and shouted, "General they are the enemy" He then fired at Fry but the shot missed. Fry fired at Zollicoffer as several nearby Union soldiers also fired. Zollicoffer and Fogg died in the exchange.

The Zollicoffer Monument
Zollicoffer's men later placed his body under a large white oak that stood between here and the stone wall.After the battle, Union General George Thomas ordered Zollicoffer's body returned to Nashville. In 1910, the United Confederate Veterans erected the monument here in his honor.
HM NumberHM2J2E
Series This marker is part of the National Historic Landmarks series
Year Placed2014
Placed ByMill Springs Battlefield Association
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, July 23rd, 2019 at 11:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 701009 N 4103439
Decimal Degrees37.05568333, -84.73936667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 3.341', W 84° 44.362'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 3' 20.46" N, 84° 44' 21.72" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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