Dawn of Battle

Dawn of Battle (HM2J2V)

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N 37° 3.322', W 84° 44.346'

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Mill Springs Battlefield

— National Historic Landmark —

Shortly before daylight on January 19, 1862, the lead elements of the Confederate column encountered Union pickets—a guard detachment—at Timmy's Branch about a mile south of here. The Confederates fired on the Union troops, who retreated in haste. W.J. Worsham, 19th Tennessee Infantry, recalled, "Sunday morning at daylight the Cavalry ran upon the enemy's pickets one and one half mile out in their front. A few shots were exchanged and the enemy slowly fell back to his main line."

Upon hearing the shots, Union officers rushed reinforcements forward. The 10th Indiana and the 1st Kentucky Cavalry (U.S.) arrived first and formed a battle line on the ridge behind you.

Three regiments of the lead Confederate brigade—the 15th Mississippi, 19th Tennessee and 20th Tennessee—came over the hill in front of you in line of battle. With a shout, the Confederates, whose line straddled the road, surged forward.

Across the road, the 19th Tennessee opened fire on the Union forces. Hoping to get behind the Union line, the 15th Mississippi and the 20th Tennessee on this side of the road made for the ravine behind you. The Confederate maneuvers set up the battle, which was fought in separate engagements on both sides of the road.

After marching all night through a misty January rain, just

as the gray dawn appeared in the East, we heard fire from the Federal pickets as they fired on our advance.
James Binford, 15th Mississippi Infantry
HM NumberHM2J2V
Series This marker is part of the National Historic Landmarks series
Year Placed2014
Placed ByMill Springs Battlefield Association
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, July 24th, 2019 at 2:03pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 701034 N 4103405
Decimal Degrees37.05536667, -84.73910000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 3.322', W 84° 44.346'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 3' 19.32" N, 84° 44' 20.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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