Port Tobacco: A Maryland Mosaic

Port Tobacco: A Maryland Mosaic (HM2N55)

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N 38° 30.676', W 77° 1.195'

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On this ground, two cultures — Indian and European — confronted one another. Here a commercial town and government center grew, declined, grew again, and declined again. Residents raised supplies for the Continental Army and, during the depression after the American Revolution, closed the courts to prevent foreclosures. A great US President's kidnapping was plotted, a scheme that ended in his murder. Twenty years earlier two free Africans were tried and convicted in the courthouse for leading a peaceful slave insurrection. This is Port Tobacco.

Potobac, one of the ancestral groups of today's Piscataway Indians and other native groups, had a village in this area in the 1600s. By the end of that century or early in the next Europeans built a scatter of houses and warehouses called Chandler's Town. Renamed Charles Town in 1727, but known locally throughout its history as Port Tobacco, the town became, and remained, the seat of Charles County government until 1896.

The only surviving map of the town dates to 1888, 200 years after initial European settlement. Over those years the town's inhabitants and neighbors shared in the nation's major experiences:

· contact and conflicts with Native Americans;

the Revolutionary War;
· religious diversity;
· slavery;
· the Civil War; and
· segregation, to name a few.

The people of Port Tobacco helped forge the nation's character. Current research examines those people and the nation they helped create.

The Port Tobacco Archaeological Project was created in 2007 to research the 300-year-old town and its aboriginal predecessors.

Tens of thousands of artifacts have been unearthed to date, many dating to the years before the American Revolution of 1776 to 1783. Scientists study those objects to learn about the beliefs and customs of the area's inhabitants, and to illuminate a complex history that has shaped our present.
HM NumberHM2N55
Placed ByMaryland Heritage Area Authority
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, November 23rd, 2019 at 1:01pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 323886 N 4264477
Decimal Degrees38.51126667, -77.01991667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 30.676', W 77° 1.195'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 30' 40.56" N, 77° 1' 11.7" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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