Of Fords, Felles, and Falls

Of Fords, Felles, and Falls (HM3SR)

Location: Baltimore, MD 21230
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 16.375', W 76° 39.157'

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The Susquehannock and Algonquian Indians had long traveled through this area when Captain John Smith explored and mapped the Chesapeake Bay region in 1608 As the Susquehannocks went from Pennsylvania to the bay, they crossed the Gwynns Falls stream at two fords one near the stone pillars of the former Brunswick Street Bridge - visible from the trail - and the other near Washington Boulevard. Smith noted that the streams often tumbled over "felles" or "fells," later called falls. This stream (or falls) was named for Maryland settler Richard Gwinn, who in 1669 established a post, probably at Gwynns Run,to trade with the Indians. Gwinn made plans for a "New Town" and built a stone fort - one of the first in an ongoing series of human imprints on the landscape.

... a highway of the ... Indians passed through the western part, at least, of what is now Baltimore City, and crossed Gwinns Falls near the mouth of that stream.

This 1670 map of Chesapeake Bay shows the mouth of the Patapsco River, the Middle Branch of which is the outlet of Gwynns Falls.

The Baltimore area lay between lands to the north occupied by the Iroquois-speaking Susquehannocks (below) and costal lands in Maryland and Virginia occupied by Algonquian-speaking Indians.
HM NumberHM3SR
Series This marker is part of the Maryland: Gwynns Falls Trail series
Placed ByGwynns Falls Trail Council
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 3rd, 2014 at 2:21am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 357444 N 4348364
Decimal Degrees39.27291667, -76.65261667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 16.375', W 76° 39.157'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 16' 22.50" N, 76° 39' 9.42" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)410, 301
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 3977 Gwynns Falls Trail, Baltimore MD 21230, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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