Point of Rocks

Point of Rocks (HM4L2)

Location: Point of Rocks, MD 21777 Frederick County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 16.434', W 77° 32.021'

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Point of Rocks During the War

The rail line immediately before you served as an important means of supply and communication during the Civil War (the station, and tracks to Washington, D.C., on the southern or right side of the station were built later). Here at Point of Rocks, formerly Trammelstown, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad reached the banks of the Potomac River from Baltimore. This narrow strip of bottomland, which allowed passage beyond the Blue Ridge's Catoctin and South Mountain ranges, had been the subject of a court fight decades earlier when the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the railroad sought to use it.

In May 1861, Col. Thomas J. (later Gen. "Stonewall") Jackson convinced the railroad to consolidate its coal shipments at a specific time period. He then captured 56 locomotives and more than 300 rail cars by halting all train traffic east of Point of Rocks. In 1864, Confederate Lt. Col. John S. Mosby, in what became known as the "Calico Raid" or the "Crinoline Raid," attacked the Union garrison here. Throughout the war, pro-Union families living in Loudoun County, Va., crossed the river here to shop.
HM NumberHM4L2
Series This marker is part of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) series, and the Maryland Civil War Trails series.
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 10th, 2014 at 11:11pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 281438 N 4350232
Decimal Degrees39.27390000, -77.53368333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 16.434', W 77° 32.021'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 16' 26.04" N, 77° 32' 1.26" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 3901-3907 MD-28, Point of Rocks MD 21777, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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