For over 100 years Etowah Indian Mounds were the Tumlin Mounds. In 1832 Col. Lewis Tumlin came to Cass County (Bartow) and drew the land lot that contained the mounds. Col. Tumlin served as county sheriff from 1834 to 1840. As young soldiers, Gen. WilliamT. Sherman and Col. Tumlin became friends. First visiting the mounds in 1844, Sherman returned in 1864 and spared Col. Tumlin home. In 1887, the Tumlins allowed the Smithsonian Institute Bureau of American Ethnology to survey and partially explore Mound C under the direction of Dr. Cyrus Thomas. Being great protectors and conservationists, Georgia Secession Roberts Tumlin along with her son, Lewis HenryTumlin, Sr. did not allow the site to be disturbed especially the burials. Professional excavations of the site were conducted in 1925, 1926 and 1927 by Warren K. Moorehead. In 1953 the Georgia Historical Commission purchased the property from the Tumlinfamily. The site became The Etowah Indian Mounds State Park. Col. Tumlin great grandson Lewis Henry Tumlin, Jr. became the first resident custodian of the park. Henry devotion and tireless service helped to make the Etowah Indian Mounds a prominent state historic site.
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