John Rutherford's Farm

John Rutherford's Farm (HM93Y)

Location: Winchester, VA 22603
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 13.24', W 78° 7.854'

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Interrupted by War

John H. Rutherford was born about 1820. He acquired approximately 275 acres here between 1843 and 1848 from the heirs of John Carter. About May 24, 1849, Rutherford married Camilla C. Baker. At first, the couple lived with Mrs. Susan Pitman Carter, a widow and sister-in-law of John Carter, whose large brick house stood just north of here on her adjoining 173-acre farm. Her farm produced wheat, corn, Irish potatoes, and hay. In 1850, she owned 8 horses, 8 head of cattle, 2 oxen, 2 sheep that provided 125 pounds of wool, and 33 hogs. She also owned at least 7 slaves. Rutherford, who owned one horse at the time, evidently managed the Carter farm as well as his own.

By 1857, Rutherford was prosperous enough to construct a two-story brick house for his family. It stood just to your right, near the turnpike. Besides his wife and their children—Susan E., William, B., John C., and Albert G. Rutherford, who ranged in age from ten to two in 1860—Mary Spence, a domestic worker, and James Lownsan, a free black laborer, also lived here.

John Rutherford owned 9 horses, 10 head of cattle, 17 sheep, and 22 hogs just before the war began. He also raised wheat, oats, corn, Irish potatoes, and hay on his diversified farm. After the war, in 1870, he owned 5 horses, 13 head of cattle, no sheep, and only 2 hogs. His wheat production remained stable, but his corn and oat crops were greatly reduced. By 1890, Rutherford was essentially a sheep farmer, with 120 sheep and some other livestock. He died in 1900. Rutherford's farmhouse was demolished about 1963.

Archaeological studies here have uncovered remains of the Rutherford house site, the Battle of Rutherford's Farm, and the Third Battle of Winchester.

"It was a sad sight to see our poor men lying on the ground, with only a little straw under them, although I suppose there was never a battle field where there were so many alleviations, in the way of kindness & attention from women."
- Mary Greenhow Lee, diary, July 23, 1864
HM NumberHM93Y
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 9th, 2014 at 4:10am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 747687 N 4345187
Decimal Degrees39.22066667, -78.13090000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 13.24', W 78° 7.854'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 13' 14.40" N, 78° 7' 51.24" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540, 703
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1835-1861 Martinsburg Pike, Winchester VA 22603, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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