Capital of Kansas

Capital of Kansas (HMDHJ)

Location: Topeka, KS 66611 Shawnee County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 0.077', W 95° 41.274'

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Topeka was founded in 1854 at the site of Papan's Ferry where a branch of the Oregon Trail crossed the Kansas river as early as 1842. Anti-slavery leaders framed the Topeka Constitution, 1855, in the first attempt to organize a state government. The next year their legislature was dispersed by U.S. dragoons under orders from President Franklin Pierce. (So Pierce was omitted when Topeka named streets after the Presidents.) In the late 1850's negroes bound north on the "underground railway" were hidden here by John Brown. Topeka became capital in 1861 when Kansas was admitted to the Union and the slavery conflict flamed into Rebellion.

After the war, in 1868, the Santa Fe railroad, promoted by C.K. Holliday, a city founder, first started building from Topeka. This was the birthplace, in 1860, of Vice President Charles Curtis; part Kaw Indian, the only "native American" to reach so high an office.
Series This marker is part of the Kansas: Kansas Historical Society series, and the Oregon Trail series.
Marker Number15
Placed ByKansas Historical Society and State Highway Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 23rd, 2014 at 3:17am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 267236 N 4320356
Decimal Degrees39.00128333, -95.68790000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 0.077', W 95° 41.274'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 0' 4.62" N, 95° 41' 16.44" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)785
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 3633-3677 SW Topeka Blvd, Topeka KS 66611, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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