Mound Prairie

Mound Prairie (HMDZM)

Location: Alto, TX 75925 Cherokee County
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Country: United States of America
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N 31° 35.599', W 95° 9.095'

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Bulging out of the earth a few yards form this point, three prehistoric Indian mounds interrupt the prevailing flat terrain. Long overgrown with grass, the mounds and adjacent village (covering about 100 acres) constitute one of the major aboriginal sites in North America. From about 500 to 1100 A.D., Caddoan Indians inhabited the village, which lay near the southwest edge of a great mound-building culture. Called ""Mississippian,"" this culture once flourished throughout the present eastern United States.

Excavations during 1939-41 and 1968-69 showed two of the mounds to have had ceremonial purposes. One may have been capped with bright yellow clay and both apparently supported temples. The tallest mound (about 20 feet) revealed several major burials.

The village, surrounding the mounds but not settled before they were built, contained many round houses that probably resembled giant bee hives. Thousands of pot fragments, some pipes, charred corn cobs and nuts, and flint points were found in the area.

Centuries after its abandonment by the Indians, this region was again a center of civilization when, in 1690, the first Spanish mission in East Texas was built nearby to minister to the Tejas Indians.
Series This marker is part of the El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail series
Year Placed1970
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, October 5th, 2014 at 6:08am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 295857 N 3497367
Decimal Degrees31.59331667, -95.15158333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 31° 35.599', W 95° 9.095'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds31° 35' 35.94" N, 95° 9' 5.70" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)936
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 570 Unnamed Road, Alto TX 75925, US
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