Montgomery's Slave Markets / First Emancipation Observance - 1866

Montgomery's Slave Markets / First Emancipation Observance - 1866 (HMIR5)

Location: Montgomery, AL 36104 Montgomery County
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Country: United States of America
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N 32° 22.652', W 86° 18.59'

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Side A
The city's slave market was at the Artesian Basin (Court Square). Slaves of all ages were auctioned, along with land and livestock, standing in line to be inspected. Public posters advertised sales and included gender, approximate age, first name (slaves did not have last names), skill, price, complexion and owner's name. In the 1850s, able field hands brought $1,500; skilled artisans $3,000. In 1859, the city had seven auctioneers and four slave depots: one at Market Street (Dexter Avenue) and Lawrence, another at the corner of Perry and Monroe, and two on Market between Lawrence and McDonough.

Side B
Montgomery's first observance of the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation was New Year's Day at Wilson's Grove on Mildred Street. A parade formed at Gilmer's Warehouse, commerce Street. Invited were a brass band, the governor, legislators, aldermen, businessmen, benevolent societies, churches and fire engine companies. Peyton Finley, parade marshal, was the first black member of the State Board of Education. Speakers of the day included Holland Thompson, first black alderman and a state legislator, who advised "show by good conduct, industry, and fidelity, that the year 1866 was a year of jubilee, instead of insurrection." He also told the crowd to acquire land, homes, and education for their children.
HM NumberHMIR5
Year Placed2001
Placed ByAlabama Historical Association / Montgomery Area Chamber of Commerce Historical Preservation and Promotion Foundation
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 17th, 2014 at 11:44am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 564922 N 3582493
Decimal Degrees32.37753333, -86.30983333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 22.652', W 86° 18.59'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 22' 39.12" N, 86° 18' 35.40" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)334
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 100-168 Montgomery St, Montgomery AL 36104, US
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