The Ohio River / Historic Middleport

The Ohio River / Historic Middleport (HMIYR)

Location: Middleport, OH 45760 Meigs County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 0.103', W 82° 2.859'

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Side A: The Ohio River
The Ohio River begins at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and flows 981 miles to join the Mississippi River at Cairo, Illinois. The Iroquois called the river "Oyo" or "Ohio," which the French translated as "La Belle Riviere," the Beautiful River. It was an important transportation route for countless generations of Native Americans and, beginning in the 1780s, for Euro-American settlers. It was the main route to the opening West and the principal outlet for the region's growing farm output. Congress first acted to improve navigation in 1824 and, later, by canalizing the river with a series of locks and dams beginning in 1878. River commerce has increased with industrialization, moving up to 150 million tons annually.

Side B: Historic Middleport
In April 1797, Revolutionary War veteran Lieutenant James Smith brought his family down the Ohio River and landed at the mouth of Leading Creek, claiming land from there to the ravine at present Mill Street. Smith built his cabin on the bank of the river about a mile above Leading Creek. The settlement below Mill Street was first known as Vinton and, later, Sheffield; in 1859 Middleport and Sheffield consolidated and have since been known as Middleport. The name Middleport originally referred to the area above Mill Street and came into use in the 1840s when steamboats departing simultaneously from Pittsburgh and Cincinnati would meet here. Though Middleport is closer to Cincinnati, the river's current makes downriver travel faster.
Series This marker is part of the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series
Marker Number16-53
Year Placed2003
Placed ByOhio Bicentennial Commission, The Village of Middleport, The Riverbend Arts Council, American Electric Power, and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 17th, 2014 at 3:25pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 409283 N 4317489
Decimal Degrees39.00171667, -82.04765000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 0.103', W 82° 2.859'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 0' 6.18" N, 82° 2' 51.54" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)740
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 101-141 N 1st Ave, Middleport OH 45760, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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