West Settlement and Abolition Lane

West Settlement and Abolition Lane (HMJ22)

Location: Greenfield, OH 45123 Highland County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 21.496', W 83° 23.085'

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Side A:
Augustus West, an African American, was born in Madison County, Virginia on March 20, 1814, and moved to Ohio in 1837. Legend has it that West was a runaway slave and worked as a farm laborer before designing a scheme to purchase his own farm. West, with abolitionist Alexander Beatty, traveled into slave territory no fewer than three times where the pair would sell West, help him escape, and split the profits. After splitting the profits, West used his portion of the money to purchase 177 acres of land in Fayette County where he built his "mansion." To remain inconspicuous and secure, West built the "mansion" as far from the main road as possible.
(Continued on other side)

Side B:
Access to the "mansion" came by way of a road, later known as "Abolition Lane." Homes owned by other abolitionists, both black and white, were located along the lane and these residents were active on the Underground Railroad. To help integrate the newly emancipated slaves into society following the Civil War, Augustus West provided a place for them to live. A series of cabins was built on his farm near the "mansion," forming the first free standing African American community in Fayette County. Further down the road, local residents built a schoolhouse on a hilltop. As of 2003, "Abolition Lane" was little more than a gravel path and the West "mansion" aged beyond repair.
HM NumberHMJ22
Series This marker is part of the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series
Marker Number3-24
Year Placed2003
Placed ByOhio Bicentennial Commission, The P & G Fund, and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 11th, 2014 at 4:16pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 294534 N 4359247
Decimal Degrees39.35826667, -83.38475000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 21.496', W 83° 23.085'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 21' 29.76" N, 83° 23' 5.10" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)937
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 801-1157 N Washington St, Greenfield OH 45123, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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