Native Americans

Native Americans (HMK1C)

Location: Columbus, OH 43215 Franklin County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 57.935', W 83° 0.64'

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Central Ohio was home to Native Americans as early as 10,000 years ago. While we don't know what they called themselves, archaeologists call a group of the earliest peoples, "Mound Builders". Their society left nearly 200 burial and ceremonial mounds around Franklin County, and thousands more throughout the Ohio and Mississippi River Valleys.

Several mounds originally rose above the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers, just west of North Bank Park. Most of the Franklin County sites were destroyed. A remaining mound can be found on McKinley Avenue in northwest Columbus.

The commonly known English names of the last Native American nations that lived in the area are Delaware, Mingo, Shawnee, and Wyandot. There were several villages scattered throughout Franklin County. One of the largest was a Mingo village located on the banks of the Scioto River, near this spot, in the 1770s.

Culture clashes occurred between white settlers and the local native population in the late 1700s and early 1800s. Very near this park, a fierce battle ensued between Colonel William Crawford's militia and the Mingo tribes. His attack, timed when the men were out hunting, killed women, children, and the elderly of the tribes.

One mother and child escaped to an island in the middle of the river. She was killed, but her child hid until the men returned home. The island later became known as, "Bloody Island". The island is now underwater due to river widening, dredging, and damming. Crawford was later captured, tortured, and burned at the stake for his raids on Indian encampments.

Tarhe the Crane, a Wyandot chief, signed a treaty with William Henry Harrison here in Columbus. This treaty resulted in a coalition of Native Americans and US troops that helped to defeat the British in the Ohio Country, and ultimately to winning the War of 1812.

With their homelands lost by treaty, most local Native Americans were forced to move to northeastern [sic - northwestern] Ohio, and eventually to Kansas, though some remained here and became part of the new society.
HM NumberHMK1C
Placed ByCity of Columbus
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 27th, 2014 at 3:16am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 328277 N 4425873
Decimal Degrees39.96558333, -83.01066667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 57.935', W 83° 0.64'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 57' 56.10" N, 83° 0' 38.40" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)614, 513
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 312-352 W Long St, Columbus OH 43215, US
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