Education in 1800's Rural Virginia

Education in 1800's Rural Virginia (HMK3I)

Location: Appomattox, VA 24522 Appomattox County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 22.519', W 78° 48.352'

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Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail

— Appomattox, Virginia - Appomattox County —

Before and during the Civil War, educational opportunities in Rural Virginia were often limited. The wealthier families employed a tutor or sent their children to boarding academies such as the nearby Union Academy. In such schools students learned a variety of subjects including history, mathematics, chemistry, and foreign languages. For less fortunate white children prior to the 1860's, there were 19 small, mostly one-room schoolhouses scattered throughout the county. African-American children had even fewer educational prospects.

Here on April 9, 1865, two brigades of United States Colored Troops advanced east along the Richmond-Lynchburg Stage Road, ensuring the surrender of Gen. Robert E. Lee's Confederate army and the end of the Civil War. This brought about the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment on December 6, 1865. Before that time it was illegal to teach a slave to read. The first educational opportunities for blacks in Appomattox County came about through the Freedman's Bureau, created by Congress to assist former slaves. From 1866 to 1869. Plymouth Rock, a school for freedmen, operated near the Courthouse. However, funding was erratic for African-American schools, causing educational prospects for blacks to remain scarce in the years following the Civil War. It was not until 1870-1871 that Virginia made funds available for public education for persons of all races, resulting in a dramatic increase in the number of both white and black children who attended school. It would be nearly another hundred years though, until the gap between educational opportunities for the two races would finally be closed.
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HM NumberHMK3I
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Marker Number3
Placed ByCivil Rights In Education Heritage Trail?
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 6th, 2014 at 3:22pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 694274 N 4138767
Decimal Degrees37.37531667, -78.80586667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 22.519', W 78° 48.352'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 22' 31.14" N, 78° 48' 21.12" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)434
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2630 Old Courthouse Rd, Appomattox VA 24522, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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