The National Road

The National Road (HMMRQ)

Location: Columbus, OH 43204 Franklin County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 57.341', W 83° 3.705'

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Side A:
After the Revolutionary War, our first President, George Washington, advocated the construction of a road linking cities in the United States from east to west. In 1806, President Thomas Jefferson signed legislation authorizing the road. The National Road was the nation's first federally funded highway and was intended to link Cumberland, Maryland to St. Louis, Missouri. The Enabling Act of 1802, which led to the creation of the State of Ohio, contained a provision that allowed for some money from the sale of federal lands to be used for construction of the road to Wheeling on the Ohio River. Contracts were given in 1811 and the National Road was completed through Columbus by 1833. Construction stopped in Vandalia, Illinois due to the popularity of canals, increased railroad usage, and lack of funds. The 591 mile corridor passes through six states: Maryland, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois.
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Side B:
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As a federally funded road, tolls were charged to pay for maintenance. Toll houses, designed by the Army Corps of Engineers, were modeled after lighthouses and placed approximately every ten miles. In Ohio, stone Mile Markers were placed every mile indicating the distance to Cumberland, Maryland at the eastern point of the National Road and listing the nearest cities and their distances east and west. The National Road has had many names: the Cumberland Road, the Old National Road, and the Old National Trail. With the establishment of a national numbered highway system in 1925, the road, following the 40th parallel, was designated U.S. Route 40. In Columbus, the National Road enters from the east on Main Street toward High Street; then north on High Street to West Broad Street, continuing west to the Ohio border.
Series This marker is part of the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series, and the The Historic National Road series.
Marker Number43-25
Year Placed2002
Placed ByOhio Bicentennial Commission, The Longaberger Company, Hilltop 2003 Committee, The Columbus Foundation, and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 22nd, 2014 at 11:23pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 323889 N 4424873
Decimal Degrees39.95568333, -83.06175000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 57.341', W 83° 3.705'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 57' 20.46" N, 83° 3' 42.30" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)614
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2-14 N Wheatland Ave, Columbus OH 43204, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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