The First Texas City Refinery

The First Texas City Refinery (HMO5V)

Location: Texas City, TX 77590 Galveston County
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Country: United States of America
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N 29° 22.534', W 94° 54.268'

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The first oil refinery built in Texas City was established in 1908 by the Texas City Refining Company. Contractor J. C. Black and more than 100 craftsmen constructed the refinery. Processing equipment included eleven stills, storage tanks, and a boiler house. Railroad tank cars delivered crude oil for processing. The finished product was shipped by rail or carried by pipeline to the Texas City docks for loading on seagoing tankers.

Through the years more land was purchased, extra storage tanks were built, and facilities were modernized as technology advanced. Petroleum products made during both world wars provided significant contributions to the nation's defense. World War II production demands caused Texas City's population to nearly triple.

Despite economic shifts, natural disasters and accidents, oil industry fluctuations, and multiple owners, this refinery has been an integral part of the area for over eight decades, providing employment for hundreds of employees, and infusing millions of dollars into local, regional, and national economies. Now an upgraded, modern facility, the refinery's capacity for processing crude oil has grown from 1,500 barrels per day in 1908 to 130,000 barrels per day in the 1990s.
HM NumberHMO5V
Marker Number15269_MARKER
Year Placed1996
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 17th, 2014 at 5:46am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 315161 N 3251103
Decimal Degrees29.37556667, -94.90446667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 22.534', W 94° 54.268'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 22' 32.04" N, 94° 54' 16.08" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)409, 281
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 605 Texas 197 Spur, Texas City TX 77590, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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