Historical Marker Series

Potawatomi - Trail of Death

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On September 5, 1838, nearly 850 Potawatomi Indians marched single file through Rochester on the forced removal from Indiana to Western Territory (Kansas). Three chiefs were transported in a jail wagon: Menominee, Black Wolf, and Pepinewa. There were 286 h…
In memory of Chief Menominee and his band of 859 Pottawatomie Indians removed from this Reservation Sept. 4, 1838 by a company of soldiers under command of General John Tipton, authorized by Governor David Wallace.——————G…
Indiana to Kansas 1838On Oct. 11, 1838, 850 Potawatomi Indians camped at Pleasant Spring near Palmyra on the forced removal from Northern Indiana to Eastern Kansas. They passed through Palmyra at 10 o'clock October 12. That night they camped at Lee's Creek,…
Archaeological evidence suggests thatChief Menominee's Village was locatedapproximately 2½ miles southeastof here on the northern bank of theYellow River near Wolf Creek.
[Map Showing Trail of Death]
Sugar Creek Mission1839 - 1849Potawatomi Settlementafter a forced march fromNorthern IndianaA Journey Called"Trail of Death"
The rock lined pits in this area pre-date the arrival of the Potawatomi Indians. Theories are that they may have been used for seed or food storage. The rocks here are shaped differently than any other in the area and their origin is uncertain. It is not cl…
Sept. 4 - Nov. 5, 183861 Day March618 Miles (Map showing path)
The removal of the Potawatomi Indians from northern Indiana to Kansas took place Sept. - Nov. 1838. Nearly 900 Indians were rounded up by soldiers and marched at gun point for 61 days. So many died on the way and were buried by the roadside that it is calle…
Father Benjamin Marie Petit, a missionary to the Potawatomi in northern Indiana, accompanied them on the forced removal in 1838. He ministered to their needs, both spiritual and physical. He baptized the dying children, "whose first step was from the land o…