(Hilton Head Island)
? 15,000 to 4,000 Years Ago:
???rising sea level flooded the deep basin
???now known as Port Royal Sound.
Spanish explorers Francisco
???Gordillo and Pedro de Quexos sailed
???into Port Royal Sound. Historians
???believe they landed on Parris Island.
French Huguenots led by
???Jean Rebaut established a temporary
??ettlement in the vicinity. They named
???the sound Port Royale.
The Spanish return to Parris
???Island. They build three forts before
???abandoning the outpost in 1587.
English captain William Hilton
???explored the coast of the Carolinas.
???He described this island as suitable
???for colonization and agriculture. After
???1776, maps named the island Hilton
??? Head Island.
Planter William Elliot grew
???the first successful crop Sea
near Dolphin Head.
???The remains of his family's Myrtle
house are visible
???200 feet offshore at low tide
Union warships bombarded
???Confederate forts on Hilton Head
???Island and St. Phillips Island. More
???than 13,000 federal troops invaded
???Hilton Head in the Civil War Battle
???of Port Royal.
Development of Hilton Head
???Plantation began. The Dolphin Head
???Recreation Area was established.
???Pine Island was set aside in
???protective covenants, which forever
???prohibit its development.
Panoramic sketch Port Royal Sound Northwest to East
3 miles wide from Dolphin Head to Parris Island
35 feet deep in channel