Market & Patrick Streets

Market & Patrick Streets (HM17Z)

Location: Frederick, MD 21701 Frederick County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 24.856', W 77° 24.637'

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— Gettysburg Campaign —

Frederick found itself occupied alternatively by Confederate and Union armies during the Civil War. Citizens who frequented this "Square Corner" of Market and Patrick Streets saw Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia march west from here on Patrick Street, the National Road, during Lee's September 1862 Maryland Campaign. They also saw Union Gen. George B. McClellan lead his army through town in pursuit. This first Southern invasion culminated in the Battles of South Mountain and Antietam.

On June 28, 1863, while newly appointed commander of the Army of the Potomac Gen. George G. Meade drew up plans for a pending confrontation with General Robert E. Lee, tens of thousands of Union troops encamped in the vicinity of Frederick. Within a day they headed north again, to the battle that erupted at Gettysburg, Pa. "All day Saturday the cavalry was passing up Market Street.... Saturday night we were kept awake by the noisy wagon trains and such a Sunday I never spent," wrote Union Gen. John F. Reynolds' cousin Catherine Reynolds Cramer, a Frederick resident. "There was scarcely any possibility of crossing the street for the countless multitudes who were pouring through."

Future mayor Jacob Englebrecht noted in his diary the next day that he "could not pass through Market Street....The streets are chucked full of wagons & cavalry & infantry... I should supposed say 70 or 80,000."



The only known photographs of Confederate troops marching under arms were taken here at the intersection of Patrick and Market Streets in September 1862. Courtesy of the Historical Society of Frederick County.

Harpers Weekly sketch of Frederick while occupied by troops.

HM NumberHM17Z
Series This marker is part of the Maryland Civil War Trails series
Historical PeriodCivil War, 19th Century
Historical PlaceTown
Marker TypeHistoric District
Marker ClassHistorical Marker
Marker StyleFree Standing
Placed ByMaryland Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 23rd, 2014 at 5:13am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 292471 N 4365522
Decimal Degrees39.41426667, -77.41061667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 24.856', W 77° 24.637'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 24' 51.3600" N, 77° 24' 38.2200" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301, 410, 240
Can be seen from road?Yes
Is marker in the median?No
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 3 E Patrick St, Frederick MD 21701, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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