The Miami Circle

The Miami Circle (HM18N2)

Location: Miami, FL 33131 Miami-Dade County
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Country: United States of America
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N 25° 46.179', W 80° 11.338'

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Inscription
On this spot of land at the mouth of the Miami River, a historic discovery shed new light on one of Florida's early peoples - the Tequesta.

During the demolition of the Brickell Point apartments in 1998, archaeologists uncovered preshistoric artifacts and a dense deposit of black soil, animal bones and shells. Salvage excavations revealed an unusual feature consisting of holes and basins carved into the shallow Miami oolitic limestone bedrock in a circular pattern 38 feet in diameter.

Circle Gives Meaning
Archaeologists suggest this feature, dubbed the "Miami Circle," represents the foundation of a prehistoric structure made by the Tequesta Indians. Artifacts and carbon dating indicate that people lived here around 2,000 years ago.

En este lugar junto a la boca del r?o Miami, un descubrimiento hist?rico arroja luz sobre los tequesta, uno de los primeros habitantes de la Florida.

Durante la demolicion de los apartamentos Brickell Point en 1998, los arque?logos descubrieron objetos prehist?ricos y un denso depito de tierra negra, huesos de animales, y conchas. Las excavaciones de rescate revelaron una caractertica inusual. Distribuidos en un circulo de 11.5 metros de di?metro se hallaron huecos y cuencos tallados en el lecho poco profundo de piedra caliza ool?tica.

El Significado del Circulo
Los arque?logos sugieren que esta caractertica, apodada "C?rculo de Miami", representa los cimientos de una estructura prehist?rica construida por los indios tequesta. Los objetos arqueol?gicos y la dataci?n por radiocarbono indican que este lugar estuvo poblado hace 2,000 a?os.

(photograph)
Archaeologists excavating the Miami Circle site under the field direction of John Ricisak.
Los arqueol?gicos excavando el C?rculo de Miami bajo la direcci?n de John Ricisak.

(map, North America: Trade network and distribution hubs. Labels read as follows)
? galena
? copper
? basalt
? chert
? pumice
? Miami Circle
Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Cuba, Yucatan

(photographs)
Artifacts from Miami Circle excavations, 1998-1999, are indicative of a widespread trade network. Shown clockwise from top:

1. Aerial view of Miami Circle
2. Zoned punctated ceramic sherd
3. Stone celt
4. Three shell plummets of varying sizes
5. Hafted biface blade
6. Galena bead
7. Copper bead

Los objetos hallados durante la excavaci?n del C?rculo de Miami, 1998-1999 son un indicio de una extensiva red de comercio. De izquierda a derecha, comenzando desde arriba:

1. Imagen a?rea del C?rculo de Miami
2. Fragmento de cer?mica zonal y acanalada
3. Hacha de piedra
4. Tres plomadas de concha de diferentes tama?os
5. Hoja de hacha bifaz
6. Cuenta de galena
7. Cuenta de cobre


A Trading Hub
Distinctive chipped stone tools from Central Florida, pottery from other parts of the state, polished axes from Georgia, galena (an ore of lead) from central Missouri and copper from elsewhere in the South or Midwest are evidence of a widespread trading network. The Miami Circle also may have served as a hub for distributing some materials, such as pumice.

Un Centro de Comercio
Las distintivas herramientas de piedra tallada originarias del centro de la Florida, las cer?micas de otras regiones del estado, las hachas pulidas de Georgia, la galena (una mena del plomo) del centro de Misuri, y el cobre de otras zonas del Sur o Medio Oeste, son evidencia de una extensiva red de comercio. El C?rculo de Miami tambi?n puede haber servido como un centro de distribuci?n para algunos materiales como la piedra p?mez.

Meaning for Many
The Miami Circle has come to mean many things to many people. Archaeologists gained additional knowledge about the Tequesta while the community developed newfound appreciation of the the area's cultural history.

Diferentes Significados para Diferentes Personas
El C?rculo de Miami significa diferentes cosas para diferentes personas. Los arque?logos obtuvieron nuevos conocimientos sobre los tequesta mientras que la comunidad adquiri? un nuevo aprecio por la historia cultural del ?rea.

Miami Circle is a registered trademark of HistoryMiami.
Details
HM NumberHM18N2
Series This marker is part of the National Historic Landmarks series
Tags
Placed ByThe Florida Inland Navigation District, the State of Florida Division of Historical Resrouces, and HistoryMiami
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 24th, 2014 at 8:13pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17R E 581325 N 2850424
Decimal Degrees25.76965000, -80.18896667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 25° 46.179', W 80° 11.338'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds25° 46' 10.74" N, 80° 11' 20.28" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)305, 786, 954
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 465 Brickell Ave, Miami FL 33131, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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