Below the Mason-Dixon Line, above the Potomac, and at the Heart of the Civil War.
The Civil War, its causes, and the aftermath have shaped our country's cultural landscape in countless ways. The significance of the Civil War in north-central Maryland is indisputable; the region is where major battles took place, important decisions were made, and notable personalities made their presence known.
Washington, Frederick, and Carroll counties experienced the horrors of the war firsthand, and each played a leading role in the state's Civil War history. Today it is these three counties that comprise the Heart of the Civil War Heritage Area (HCWHA).
Maryland's HCWHA is part of the Journey Through Hallowed Ground National Heritage Area and encompasses the sites of three major battles, all of which had an impact on the outcome of a campaign or the war itself. With the HCWHA, you can explore the sites of other significant battles and skirmishes, army encampments, military headquarters, museum/heritage facilities, hospital sites, intact structures from the Civil War era, scenic landscapes, artifact and document collections, commemorative events, visitor services, and much more. This diversity of resources provides a breadth of opportunities to fully understand the Civil War's wide impact on both people and place.