Door County's Stone Fleet

Door County's Stone Fleet (HM1ES8)

Location: Sturgeon Bay, WI 54235 Door County
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Country: United States of America
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N 44° 52.621', W 87° 25.385'

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— Wisconsin's Maritime Trails —

Behind you, Government Bluff rises 150 feet above the waters of Sturgeon Bay. It was here that Door County's first industry began in 1834 — a limestone quarry. Originally intended for a military fort that was never constructed, the stone was later used by the federal government to construct piers and harbors around Lake Michigan. After the government closed the quarry, it was reopened in the early 1880s by Frank Hogan. Hogan was only a squatter on the property, however, and was driven off it. He later started the Green Stone Company in Sawyer (now part of the city of Sturgeon Bay).

With its limestone bluffs so close to water, Sturgeon Bay was an ideal location for this business. By 1898, four quarries operated here: Leathern and Smith, the Green Stone Company, the Laurie Stone Company, and the Termensen and Jensen Stone Company. Quarried stone was loaded onto ships moored nearby and economically carried to ports around Lake Michigan. By 1917 the breakwaters and piers of almost every harbor around Lake Michigan had been constructed in part with Sturgeon Bay limestone.

Looking across the mouth of Sturgeon Bay, you can see the massive footprint of the former Leathern and Smith quarry. Many of the quarry docks remain visible today. The remains of several ships from the stone fleet lie on the bottom of the bay near the piers.

logos of: Wisconsin Historical Society, Sea Grant · University of Wisconsin, Wisconsin Department of Transportation, Wisconsin State Park System, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

Title to Wisconsin's submerged archaeological sites is held in the public trust by the State of Wisconsin. As steward of these unique historical and recreational resources, the Wisconsin Historical Society encourages responsible visitation of these sites. Please leave these sites intact for future generations to enjoy. Wisconsin law prohibits unauthorized disturbance or removal of artifacts or structure.
HM NumberHM1ES8
Series This marker is part of the Wisconsin: Wisconsin's Maritime Trails series
Placed ByThe Wisconsin Historical Society's Maritime Preservation and Archaeology Program
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 27th, 2014 at 4:49pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16T E 466583 N 4969375
Decimal Degrees44.87701667, -87.42308333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 52.621', W 87° 25.385'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 52' 37.26" N, 87° 25' 23.10" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)920
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 493 N Norway Rd, Sturgeon Bay WI 54235, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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