Native Americans and Winooski

Native Americans and Winooski (HM1OB6)

Location: Winooski, VT 05404 Chittenden County
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Country: United States of America
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N 44° 29.376', W 73° 11.03'

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Imagine a time machine taking us back to this spot 500 years ago. We would see a deep, rocky waterfall now hidden under the ponded area behind the Winooski One hydroelectric dam, an extensive forest of small pine trees and small fields of corn, squash and tobacco. Closer examination would reveal traces of smoke rising from the simple wooden huts of a band of Western Abenakis. In the Spring and Summer Abenakis farmed on the rich soil of the Intervale, both above and below the falls, and fished for salmon in the teeming waters of the Winooski. In late Autumn, hunters and their families moved to higher ground in search of moose and deer. With the onset of winter the Abenakis returned to their homes along the Winooski to await the return of Spring.


We know from early French documents that an Abenaki village called Winooskik existed on the lower Winooski River. The name came from an Indian word meaning "onion river land," because of a leek-type onion that grew on the river's banks. Due to disease and almost constant war between the English and the French the village was abandoned by 1700. Its exact location in unknown. Perhaps some day a developer's backhoe or a gardener's shovel will unearth the site. Echos of this Abenaki heritage remain in the name of the river and city. (All images courtesy of the Vermont Historical Society).
HM NumberHM1OB6
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 29th, 2015 at 9:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 644407 N 4927858
Decimal Degrees44.48960000, -73.18383333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 29.376', W 73° 11.03'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 29' 22.56" N, 73° 11' 1.8" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)802
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 60 Winooski Falls Way, Winooski VT 05404, US
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