Glaciers, Drumlins, and High Level Lakes

Glaciers, Drumlins, and High Level Lakes (HM1YFC)

Location: Port Byron, NY 13140 Cayuga County
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Country: United States of America
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N 43° 2.256', W 76° 38.03'

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Port Byron / Old Erie Canal Heritage Park

During the ice ages of the last 2 million years, glaciers sculpted the land surface forming, amongst other features, the many rounded and elongated hills called drumlins that are seen from the Thruway between Rochester and Syracuse. From this vantage point you can see one drumlin across the Thruway, the near end cut off to accommodate the interstate highway. Looking here you can see the success that blossomed from the hopes of New Yorkers spanning more than two centuries. Much of that success is due to the advantageous geography brought about by the ice ages. Natural pathways were carved through the drumlin swarm by long vanished rivers created by glacial meltwaters and the outfalls of glacial lakes. The muck lands and Montezuma Marsh are the final vestiges of one of these lakes. Beckoned by these remarkable features, generations of engineers utilized them for highways, canals, railroads, and the New York State Thruway. Collectively they made possible a unique and viable connection between the Atlantic seaboard and the heartland of the nation. New York State Thruway construction 1951, showing Lock 52 and the drumlin with "the near end" being sliced off. Erie House owner Peter Van Detto at work in the mucklands on his lettuce farm. Drumlin Swarm - in Port Byron vicinity - 1902 Map of drumlins at
Port Byron as shown by the elliptical brown lines. Flat areas devoid of lines are glacial lake bottom deposits and/or meltwater channels. Note how canal, roads, railroads, and Thruway utilize this corridor.
Series This marker is part of the Erie Canal series
Year Placed2016
Placed ByNew York State Thruway Authority / Canal Corporation
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, May 26th, 2017 at 5:59pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 366908 N 4766285
Decimal Degrees43.03760000, -76.63383333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 43° 2.256', W 76° 38.03'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds43° 2' 15.36" N, 76° 38' 1.8" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)315
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 32 Maiden Ln, Port Byron NY 13140, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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