Middletown in the Path of War

Middletown in the Path of War (HM217K)

Location: Middletown, MD 21769 Frederick County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 26.63', W 77° 32.802'

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Union soldiers marched through Middletown by the thousands in September 1862 to repel Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the North. Middletown citizens turned out to cheer them on. The Union Army would face Confederate forces on nearby South Mountain before engaging in the deadly fight at Antietam. Many survivors were brought back here for medical care.

Caption: War correspondent A.R. Waud sketched this scene of Union troops passing through Middletown on their way to South Mountain and Antietam in September 1862. Courtesy of Library of Congress

[Back of sign] In July 1864, Confederate forces under Gen. Jubal Early invaded Middletown on their way to Frederick and their planned attack on Washington, D.C. In retribution for the devastation inflicted against people and property by Union forces in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, Early threatened Maryland towns along the National Road—including Middletown. To many here, the sight of Confederate soldiers meant the possible loss of life and home.

Caption: In September 1862, just west of town, Confederates burned the bridge over Catoctin Creek to impede the Union drive towards South Mountain. The Koogle House, used as a Rebel headquarters by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart, was spared. The family later cared for a wounded Union soldier - their son - and a Confederate in the same room.
HM NumberHM217K
Historical Period19th Century
Historical PlaceTown
Marker TypeHistoric District
Marker ClassHistorical Marker
Marker StyleFree Standing
Placed ByMaryland Heritage Areas Authority
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, August 29th, 2017 at 10:02am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 280847 N 4369126
Decimal Degrees39.44383333, -77.54670000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 26.63', W 77° 32.802'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 26' 37.8000" N, 77° 32' 48.1200" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301, 240
Can be seen from road?Yes
Is marker in the median?No
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 28 W Main St, Middletown MD 21769, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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