Peebles Island in the 18th-20th Centuries

Peebles Island in the 18th-20th Centuries (HM267U)

Location: Cohoes, NY 12047 Albany County
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Country: United States of America
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N 42° 47.102', W 73° 40.819'

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During the Revolutionary War, American troops camped on Van Schaick and Peebles Islands. Thaddaeus Kosciuszko, a prominent Polish engineer who aided the American cause, designed the earthworks that are visible today near the bridge to Waterford.
The 19th century brought development to the island. Between 1843 and 1860, numerous houses and barns, occupied by tenants of Anthony Augustus Peebles, were built along its east side. Beginning in 1835, railroads crossed the island to Ballston Spa, where they made connections to points north and west. Many island residents worked in the nearby mills that took advantage of the waterpower provided by the Hudson and Mohawk Rivers.
In 1909, Mary L. Peebles, wife of Anthony Augustus, sold the island to Cluett, Peabody & Company, a Troy-based manufacturer of men's collars and shirts. By 1911, the company developed a bleachery on the island, which remained in operation until 1972.

[Image captions, from top to bottom and left to right, read]
· In August 1777, the Americans prepared defenses on Haver Island to make a final stand against the British, who intended to capture Albany. An American victory at Saratoga, however, made it unnecessary to rely on the island's defenses.
From H.C. Maine,The Burgoyne Campaign (Troy, 1877).

· The fortifications on Haver Island consisted of three batteries of cannon protected by earthworks, all connected by entrenchments for troops.
From H.C. Maine,The Burgoyne Campaign (Troy, 1877).
· Anthony Augustus Peebles
By 1862, Anthony Augustus Peebles, a Van Schaick descendant, owned the entire island. In the late 19th century, Peebles Island became the name more commonly used for Haver Island.
· The bleachery, ca. 1918
· Hammersley House
This house stood on the east point until 1912. It probably dates to the late 18th century. Around 1888 it became home to the family of Charles James Hammersley, an English glass engraver. His son Sidney wrote a history of Waterford that was published in 1957.
Photograph courtesy of Daisy Hammersley Weber
HM NumberHM267U
Placed ByNew York State Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, March 24th, 2018 at 7:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 607940 N 4737788
Decimal Degrees42.78503333, -73.68031667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 47.102', W 73° 40.819'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 47' 6.1199999999998" N, 73° 40' 49.14" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)518
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 300 Delaware Ave, Cohoes NY 12047, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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