Walking Tour Stop 1Near Pittsburgh, on July 9, 1755, a French and Native American force decimated a small British and colonial army led by Edward Braddock, opening all of Pennsylvania to Indian raids. The Delaware tribe, under their leader Shingas, raided, killing and scalping settlers from Scranton to Virginia. They often took able-bodied settlers, including women and children, captive, weaving them into the fabric of their tribes. The raids reached Carlisle in January 1756 when nine settlers were killed and scalped about ten miles from this square. In November, raiders burned twenty-seven homes in the valley and killed or took captive fifty settlers. A truce was struck in 1758, but raids began again in 1764, and a girl named Dysart was murdered on July 6 near Big Spring. To end the raids, Colonel Henry Bouquet led a force of 1,500 men into Ohio, and the tribes sued for peace. Bouquet insisted on the return of all captured colonists. The tribes quickly complied, bringing nearly 200 captives to Fort Pitt. Bouquet brought many of them back to Carlisle. On December 31, 1764, here in the square, a large group of colonists looking for loved ones met them.
|Placed By||Historic Carlisle, Inc|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Friday, October 24th, 2014 at 3:32am PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||18T E 313671 N 4452453|
|Decimal Degrees||40.20180000, -77.18923333|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 40° 12.108', W 77° 11.354'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||40° 12' 6.48" N, 77° 11' 21.24" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 2 N Hanover St, Carlisle PA 17013, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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