The Calusa and Seminole Peoples

The Calusa and Seminole Peoples (HMFTI)

Location: Venice, FL 34285 Sarasota County
Buy Florida State flags at!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at!

N 27° 6.002', W 82° 27.43'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
The Calusa were native Florida Indians who dominated south Florida from their homeland on the southwest Gulf coast. They were formidable warriors, accomplished artists, and expert boaters. The Calusa did not farm, but instead prospered by fishing in the rich estuaries using nets, traps, and weirs, and by gathering shellfish and wild plant foods. They resisted Spanish domination for over two hundred years.

In the early 1700s other Indians from Georgia and Alabama raided into the Florida peninsula, forcing the Calusa from their traditional lands. Creek Indians, loosely allied with the British, and Yamassee Indians bent on enslaving south Florida Indians for sale in the Carolinas, gradually overran south Florida. By 1750, the Calusa had succumbed to diseases, slavery, and warfare.

By that same time Seminole and Miccosukee peoples, Creek-related groups from the north, began to live year-round in northern Florida. In 1823 the treaty of Moultrie Creek gave them perpetual rights to a reservation that extended from Fort King near Ocala south to Lake Okeechobee. But in the 1830s the United States sought to force removal of the Florida Indians to west of the Mississippi River. Resistance to removal led to conflict and the 1836-1842 Second Seminole War. Many of the native peoples were ultimately removed to Oklahoma, but several hundred people resisted and retreated into the Everglades and Big Cypress Swamp.

In 1855 a band of surveyors operating deep in Big Cypress Swamp intentionally destroyed agricultural fields belonging to Chief Billy Bowlegs, ridiculing his protestations. Conflict again arose, and the Third Seminole War, 1855-1858, followed. Despite a massive effort by the U.S. Army, the Seminole successfully resisted. Just over 120 Seminoles agreed to move to Oklahoma, but many more remained in Florida where their descendants continue to live today.
Series This marker is part of the More Than Words series
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 28th, 2014 at 2:55am PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17R E 355545 N 2998351
Decimal Degrees27.10003333, -82.45716667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 27° 6.002', W 82° 27.43'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds27° 6' 0.12" N, 82° 27' 25.80" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)941
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 223-299 Armada Rd S, Venice FL 34285, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. What historical period does the marker represent?
  2. What historical place does the marker represent?
  3. What type of marker is it?
  4. What class is the marker?
  5. What style is the marker?
  6. Does the marker have a number?
  7. What year was the marker erected?
  8. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  9. This marker needs at least one picture.
  10. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  11. Is the marker in the median?