The Scioto Salt Licks

The Scioto Salt Licks (HMGG0)

Location: Jackson, OH 45640 Jackson County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 3.159', W 82° 38.254'

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Side A:
The Scioto Salts Licks, located in and around Jackson, is an area where naturally occurring salt water, known as brine, flowed to the surface as a salt-water spring. It is known that the spring existed since the Pleistocene Ice Age because numerous bones, probably including those of mammoth and ground sloth, were excavated there. Native Americans obtained salt here for at least 8,000 years and did so until 1795 when the Treaty of Greenville separated the Native American and European populations. Early pioneer settlers utilized the licks in the second half of the eighteenth and first half of the nineteenth centuries, constructing salt furnaces that extended for four miles up and down Salt Lick Creek. Salt was a precious and necessary commodity, and the early settlers in the area profited from its trade.

Side B:
Joseph Conklin from Mason County, Kentucky, who came to this area in 1795, is credited with being the first American to establish a salt operation at the Scioto Salt Licks. Conklin was a squatter and did not own the land. In 1803, soon after Ohio became a state, the new legislature passed an act regulating salt works, thereby forbidding the state from selling salt lands. Therefore Conklin and others who followed leased the land for their salt operations. Salt production reached its peak between 1808-1810 with hundreds of men producing 62,000 bushels annually. Richer and more cheaply produced salt brine was discovered in what is now West Virginia. Wells sunk to reach stronger brine here proved unsuccessful. In 1826, a salt agent's legislative report stated, "The making of salt at the Scioto Salt Works has been entirely abandoned."
HM NumberHMGG0
Series This marker is part of the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series
Marker Number5-40
Year Placed2006
Placed ByJackson Historical Society, City of Jackson, and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 1st, 2014 at 2:46pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 358301 N 4323895
Decimal Degrees39.05265000, -82.63756667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 3.159', W 82° 38.254'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 3' 9.54" N, 82° 38' 15.24" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)740
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 200-242 E Main St, Jackson OH 45640, US
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