John Wesley Powell / Morgan's Raid in Jackson, 1863

John Wesley Powell / Morgan's Raid in Jackson, 1863 (HMGFV)

Location: Jackson, OH 45640 Jackson County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 3.131', W 82° 38.216'

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Side A: John Wesley Powell (1834-1902)
Scientist and explorer of the American West, John Wesley Powell moved from New York to Jackson with his family in 1838 and lived here until 1846. He developed an early interest in geology from his tutor "Big" George Crookham, a Jackson salt boiler, educator, and abolitionist. Powell served in the Union Army during the Civil War and lost his right arm at Shiloh in 1862. Later he became professor of geology at Illinois Wesleyan University. In 1869, he led a nine-man expedition in the first exploration of the entire length of the Colorado River, providing the first scientific description of the Grand Canyon. Subsequently Powell helped found the U.S. Geological Survey and served as its director from 1881 to 1894.

Side B: Morgan's Raid in Jackson, 1863
Late in the evening of July 16, 1863, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan entered Jackson with 2,000 cavalrymen, meeting with no resistence. Finding many townspeople assembled, the raiders took the men as prisoners and held them at the fairground. They then foraged the town at will, taking food and all available horses. The raiders also burned the Cincinnati and Marietta Railroad depot and destroyed the office of The Standard, the Republican newspaper. Morgan made his headquarters at the Isham House, directly across the street from this marker. He continued eastward on the afternoon of July 17. Strongly divided politically during the Civil War, Jackson received no speical consideration by Morgan. Both unionists and "Copperheads" (southern sympathizers) suffered equally.
Series This marker is part of the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series
Marker Number4-40
Year Placed2001
Placed ByOhio Bicentennial Commission, The Longaberger Company, The City of Jackson, and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 8th, 2014 at 1:34am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 358355 N 4323842
Decimal Degrees39.05218333, -82.63693333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 3.131', W 82° 38.216'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 3' 7.86" N, 82° 38' 12.96" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)740
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 295 Broadway St, Jackson OH 45640, US
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