Fort Ancient Prehistoric Indian Earthworks

Fort Ancient Prehistoric Indian Earthworks (HMHUV)

Location: New York, OH 10013 Warren County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 24.009', W 84° 5.877'

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You are standing inside an earthworks built by prehistoric Hopewell Indians nearly 2000 years ago. Early settlers in this area thought these walls were constructed as a fort. Today, archaeologists believe the site was used primarily as a religious and social center. Some of the walls and mounds may function as astronomical calendars. The Hopewell Indians occupied the major river valleys of southern Ohio where they constructed hilltop enclosures, geometrically shaped earthworks, and mounds. For reasons still unclear, the Hopewell culture disappeared about 500 to 600 AD.

The second major group associated with this site lived here betweeen 1200 and 1450 AD. These people lived in villages and supported themselves by growing corn, beans, and squash in addition to hunting, fishing, and collecting wild plant foods. They located one of their communities nearby along the Little Miami River, and another one within the South Fort portion of the enclosure. While this second culture did not build the earthworks, it was the first culture discovered by archaeologists at this site. As a result, the culture and the site were both named Fort Ancient.

More information on the archaeology of Fort Ancient State Memorial is available in the museum. Please help us preserve this important site by walking only on the trails, not on the earthworks.
Placed ByThe Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 21st, 2014 at 12:56am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 749893 N 4365202
Decimal Degrees39.40015000, -84.09795000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 24.009', W 84° 5.877'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 24' 0.54" N, 84° 5' 52.62" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)212, 646, 914, 917, 516,
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2779 Little Miami Scenic Trail, New York OH 10013, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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