American Indian History

American Indian History (HMJ10)

Location: Tuscumbia, AL 35674 Colbert County
Buy Alabama State flags at!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at!

N 34° 43.802', W 87° 42.303'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
Side 1
Oka Kapassa (Ococoposa), meaning "Cold Water", was the Chickasaw name given to Spring Creek and to a trading post established near the Tennessee River about 1780. About 1817, Michael Dickerson and others were greeted at what by then was called Big Spring by Chief Tuscumbia, a Chickasaw rainmaker. The settlers named the new town in his honor in 1822. Colbert County, formed in 1867 from the Northern half of Franklin County, was named for Chickasaw Chieftains George Colbert, operator of and Inn and ferry on the Natchez Trace at the Tennessee River, and his brother Levi Colbert, who ran and Inn on the Trace at Buzzard Roost Spring.
(Continued on other side)

Side 2
(Continued from other side)
Prehistoric "hunters and gatherers" lived in the area along the Tennessee River and its tributaries, including Spring Creek, more than 10,000 years ago. When early white settlers arrived, the area was occupied by Chickasaws to the west and Cherokees to the east. Other tribes, including the Creeks, occasionally hunted or lived briefly in the area. After the Indian Removal Act of 1830, thousands of Native Americans passed through Tuscumbia on the "Trail of Tears." The Tuscumbia, Courtland, and Decatur Railroad transported Indians to Tuscumbia Landing where they boarded steamboats for removal to new homes in the Indian Territory (now Oklahoma).
HM NumberHMJ10
Series This marker is part of the Trail of Tears series
Placed BySponsored by Colbert County Historical Landmark Foundation and Cemetery Restoration Alabama Historical Association
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 2nd, 2014 at 1:14pm PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 435451 N 3843331
Decimal Degrees34.73003333, -87.70505000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 43.802', W 87° 42.303'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 43' 48.12" N, 87° 42' 18.18" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)256
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 247-299 S Water St, Tuscumbia AL 35674, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. What historical period does the marker represent?
  2. What historical place does the marker represent?
  3. What type of marker is it?
  4. What class is the marker?
  5. What style is the marker?
  6. Does the marker have a number?
  7. What year was the marker erected?
  8. This marker needs at least one picture.
  9. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  10. Is the marker in the median?