"The Treaty"

"The Treaty" (HMJW4)

Location: Nacogdoches, TX 75961 Nacogdoches County
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Country: United States of America
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N 31° 36.09', W 94° 39.03'

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sculpted by Michael Boyett

The date was February 23, 1836, and the situation for Texas was desperate. Santa Anna with about 6,000 troops was on the march towards the Alamo with the intent of smashing the small, poorly-organized, and ill-equipped army of Texans along with their fledgling government. Fearing an alliance between Mexico and the Indian tribes, the Texas government sent its envoys to meet with the East Texas tribes, hoping to negotiate a treaty designed to keep them from fighting on the side of Mexico and remaining neutral.

Nacogdoches residents, Sam Houston, Adolphus Sterne, and William Goyens, represented Texas in the negotiations, with Chief Bowles representing the Indian tribes. When the time came to sign the treaty, General Houston and John Forbes represented Texas, and Bowles, Cherokee Chief, spoke for the Indian tribes. Houston and Bowles were longtime friends and highly respected by one another and their peoples as leaders and men of integrity. Houston had become a member of the Cherokee nation, and many years before was given the title "The Raven", meaning "good luck". These men were warrior leaders who had proved their courage on the battlefield. Houston was the newly-commissioned commander of the army of Texas and Bowles, though over 80 years of age, was war chief of not only the Cherokees, but also the other 12 tribes represented.

During the negotiations, Houston presented gifts to Bowles, including a sash, sword, red silk vest, and long dress-shirt, which the chief wore proudly at the signing. The document, which was signed on the back page, was decorated with bright ribbons, and each chief made his "X" in its appropriate places.
HM NumberHMJW4
Series This marker is part of the Markers Attached to Sculpture series
Year Placed2003
Placed ByHistoric Nacogdoches, Inc
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 21st, 2014 at 10:10pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 343421 N 3497448
Decimal Degrees31.60150000, -94.65050000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 31° 36.09', W 94° 39.03'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds31° 36' 5.40" N, 94° 39' 1.80" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)936, 903
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 113 S Lanana St, Nacogdoches TX 75961, US
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