Point au Fer Historic Site

Point au Fer Historic Site (HMWUY)

Location: Champlain, NY 12919 Clinton County
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Country: United States of America
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N 44° 56.649', W 73° 21.149'

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Inscription
This wasn't always the quiet, peaceful place you find today. Point au Fer was once an important strategic military post.
The northern half of Lake Champlain used to be controlled by the French. On June 6, 1760, during the French and Indian War (1754-1763), British Army Major Robert Rogers and his rangers engaged a French force nearby at Scales Point and pushed them into Canada. After 1763, Britain controlled all of lake Champlain, including Point au Fer.
In 1774, the British built a garrison known as the "White House." In May of 1775, a small American force gained control of the fort. In June of 1776, American General John Sullivan added an entrenchment around the fort (the creek at the corner) and a 12-foot wooden stockade that was lined with cannon. Benjamin Franklin landed here on his way to Montreal at this time. Benedict Arnold, Charles Carroll and Ethan Allen stopped here.
After the Battle of Valcour in 1776, the Americans lost control of Point au Fer. Half of General John Burgoyne's British army camped here in July of 1777 on their way to Saratoga where they were defeated.
After the Revolutionary War, the British occupied the garrison for 20 more years. British Captain John Steele used his gunboat "Maria" to patrol the lake from here. He built a small garden at Stony Point that was referred to as "Steele's Garden" for decades. The Jay Treaty ended the interesting - and potentially dangerous - situation of British occupation of Point au Fer.
The fort was burned by a French refuges in 1805. During the War of 1812, American soldiers camped around the ruins while watching for British naval activities in the northern part of the lake.
The State of New York had Point au Fer surveyed into three lots and auctioned off in 1809. Thirty years later, George Rochester bought some property at the tip of the island from John Walker. Rochester descendants still live here on the Point. Around 1870, Richard Scales purchased Lot No. 2 and built his house on the ruins of the old garrison. The cellar was made of stonework of the fort. The house still stands.
The land within the White House's stockade is probably the most historic site on all of Clinton County. The fields and forests around this site have remained largely untouched. Few sites in the Champlain Valley can attest to this. let this area remain sacred.
Details
HM NumberHMWUY
Tags
Year Placed2009
Placed ByLake Champlain Basin Program, Explore NY - Hudson, Fulton, Champlain
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 9th, 2014 at 1:40am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 629975 N 4978066
Decimal Degrees44.94415000, -73.35248333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 56.649', W 73° 21.149'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 56' 38.94" N, 73° 21' 8.94" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)518
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 515 Point Au Fer Rd, Champlain NY 12919, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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