War in the Lava Beds

War in the Lava Beds (HM1796)

Location: Tulelake, CA 96134 Siskiyou County
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Country: United States of America
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N 41° 49.445', W 121° 33.373'

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November 1872 - June 1873

From this command post, the U.S. Army directed part of a frustrating campaign against a small band of Modoc Indians. Determined to defend their homeland, the Modoc consistently outmaneuvered the Army, who at times outnumbered them ten to one. Just over six months of battles and surprise attacks, interspersed with long periods of waiting, resulted in a final Modoc defeat. Significant Modoc War sites are located and interpreted throughout the park. See inset map.

For seven weeks in the spring of 1873, Gillems Camp (located here) served as temporary quarters for up to 600 troops. Many enlisted men were new immigrants with little training. Isolated, poor food and medical supplies, and the constant threat of attack in an unfamiliar landscape made life here difficult.
HM NumberHM1796
Placed ByNational Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 28th, 2014 at 5:55am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)10T E 619900 N 4631252
Decimal Degrees41.82408333, -121.55621667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 41° 49.445', W 121° 33.373'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds41° 49' 26.70" N, 121° 33' 22.38" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)530
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 581 Hill Rd, Tulelake CA 96134, US
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