The Road to the Stronghold

The Road to the Stronghold (HM1NEN)

Location: Tulelake, CA 96134 Siskiyou County
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Country: United States of America
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N 41° 49.481', W 121° 30.042'

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Inscription
Thousands of years ago, flowing lava cooled forming a natural fortress. The surrounding area later became the center of the Modoc Indian homeland. A series of events made this lava stronghold a focal point in the war to remove the Modoc from their land in 1872-1873.
Time line, left to right:

1846 - The blazing of the Applegate Emigrant Trail brings Modoc and settlers into increasingly frequent contact.
1864 - After years of conflict with settlers, the Modoc reluctantly sign a treaty to give up their homeland and move to a reservation in Oregon with neighboring Klamath and Yahooskin.
1870 - Extreme hardship on the reservation and clashes with the Klamath prompt a group of Modoc, led by Captain Jack, to move back to their homeland on the Lost River and demand a reservation there.
November 1872 - A botched attempt by the U.S. Army to arrest Captain Jack and other leaders at their Lost River village marks the beginning of the Modoc War. While a small band of Modoc under Hooker Jim retaliates by killing 14 settlers, the majority canoe immediately to the safety of the Stronghold.
December 1872-April 1973 - About 63 Modoc men, along with women and children, hold off some 600 U.S. troops and occupy the lava fortress - now known as Captain Jack's Stronghold - for almost five months.
Details
HM NumberHM1NEN
Tags
Placed ByNational Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, August 30th, 2015 at 5:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)10T E 624510 N 4631397
Decimal Degrees41.82468333, -121.50070000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 41° 49.481', W 121° 30.042'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds41° 49' 28.86" N, 121° 30' 2.52" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)530
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Unnamed Road, Tulelake CA 96134, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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