Anza Expedition of 1776

Anza Expedition of 1776 (HM1Q2V)

Location: Martinez, CA 94553 Contra Costa County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 2.995', W 122° 11.796'

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"We called to these Indians, hoping to buy their fish from them."
From Father Pedro Font's Diary, April 2, 1776
In 1775 and 1776, Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza, Father Pedro Font, along with 240 settlers, soldiers, and others traveled 1,800 miles from Sonora, Mexico to Monterey, California. Anza then led a smaller party to choose sites for the mission and presidio (military base) in San Francisco, and to explore the East Bay.
On April 2, 1776, the explorers stopped near this location and traded for a fish they had never seen before from local fishermen, perhaps from a nearby Carquin Ohlone village.
Font's Diary, April 2, 1776: We saw there some launches [boats] very well made with the middle of the waterside Indians were fishing in one...with nets...
Anza's Diary, April 2, 1776: [They traded] a fish two and one-eighth varas * long ...entirely lacking in scales or interior bones...between the skin and the flesh there were some very perfect stars painted on the skull...Their eyes were gilded but very small...we ate it and found it very palatable and tender...
[* 1 vara = 2.7 feet. The fish was a sturgeon over 6 feet long.]
Welcome to the homeland of the Huichun-Aguasto, and Ohlone-speaking tribe.
Dates and stories taken from the diaries of Anza and Font, courtesy of the Center for Advanced Technology in Education, University of Oregon,
HM NumberHM1Q2V
Series This marker is part of the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail series
Placed ByEast Bay Regional Parks District, National Parks Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, December 17th, 2015 at 1:01am PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)10S E 570489 N 4211658
Decimal Degrees38.04991667, -122.19660000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 2.995', W 122° 11.796'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 2' 59.7" N, 122° 11' 47.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)510, 925
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Bull Valley Trail, Martinez CA 94553, US
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