Prehistoric Native Americans / Historic Native Americans

Prehistoric Native Americans / Historic Native Americans (HMIXT)

Location: Florence, AL 35630 Lauderdale County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 47.21', W 87° 40.518'

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(Circa 8,000 B.C. ~1500 A.D.) / (Circa 1550 A.D.~ 1816 A.D.)

Side A
This area near the mouth of Cypress Creek was inhabited by Archaic People as early as 8,000 B.C. Their main food consisted of freshwater mollusks from the river.(These mussels were the origin of the name "Muscle Shoals.")
The Woodland and Copena Cultures, associated with the nearby large Florence Mound, arrived around 2,000 B.C. and remained almost 3,000 years. About 800 A.D. the Mississippian Civilization established villages here and on adjoining islands.
Many of the Indian mounds in the Tennessee Valley were built by them.
(continued on the other side)
Side B
For almost 300 years this area was the home of people known as Historic Indians. the first were the Euchees from the Great Lakes area. They were soon ousted by the Shawnees from the Ohio River. The Shawnee were evicted in 1715 A.D. by the Cherokees and Chickasaws. The Cherokees signed away their rights to this area in 1806. The Chickasaws held their claim until the Treaty of 1816.
In the Summer of 1787, a skirmish occurred nearby between a party of Creeks and a company of militia from Nashville. The Creek Chief Bigfoot was killed.
Placed ByTennessee Valley Authority, Tennessee ~Tombigbee Waterway and the City of Florence
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 7th, 2014 at 7:20am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 438217 N 3849611
Decimal Degrees34.78683333, -87.67530000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 47.21', W 87° 40.518'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 47' 12.60" N, 87° 40' 31.08" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)256
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1507 Mc Farland Park Rd, Florence AL 35630, US
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